ADE 435 : INTRODUCTION TO ART AND DESIGN

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 1. What is Line?

In term of art, line is most basic element. line is considered as a moving dot. which is been connected to form a line. line can create many effect to audience’s eyes. It can create edges, movement and etc. line also can create tone and value of light in drawing. Analogically, if line been arrange closely, it can create a heavy dark tone. other than that, in art, line can describe in many type, such as below.

Image result for types of lines in art

source: http://thevirtualinstructor.com/line.html

              http://artonlinechampion.weebly.com/project-2-50-line-                           types.html

2. What is shapes?

 A shape is a line when is enclosed. it also a very common element in art. Shape play an important role in the creation of art. It is because shape create many complex drawings and paintings, affect compostion and also contribute to the balance in artwork. shape is a two-dimensional area that is defined by change in a value or some of other form of contrast. Because of the shape is only a two-dimensional, meaning that is have only length and width.

Shapes have length and width

Shape can be categories into two. which is geometic shapes and organic shapes. For the geometic shapes,it generally shape that have it own form and already been recognisable, such as circle, triangle, square and many more. Meanwhile organice shape, are shapes that seem have no rules. Organic is typically not man-made. below is the differences between geometic and organic shape

geometric shapes geometic shapeOrganic Shapesorganic shape.

source: http://thevirtualinstructor.com/texture.html

http://www.oberlin.edu/amam/asia/sculpture/documents/vocabulary.pdf

 

3. What is Form?

Form refers to objects that have 3-Dimensional, that have length,width,and height. Form also have two categorise which is same to shape, Geometric and Organic.

Geometric Forms

Organic Forms

In arts, form created by the understanding of highlight, midtone, core shadow, cast shadow, and reflected highlight in order to create the illusions.

How to create the illusion of form

source: http://thevirtualinstructor.com/texture.html

http://www.oberlin.edu/amam/asia/sculpture/documents/vocabulary.pdf

4. What is Space?

In arts, space is the area around,above and within an object. Space is important in art, which is to avoid artist making artwork that flat or object can be appear to be floating. Space can be created in 6 ways, which is overlapping, placement on the paper, size, detail, color and value, and perspective.

space come in many terms as :

positive space- the dominant images artist want to show

negative space- the empty space between the shapes of forms.

3-D Space-  a space over, under,through, behind, and around a form. Analogically, architecture,sculpture, weaving, ceramics, and jewelry are 3-D art forms.

2-D Space-  can described as illusion. to perceive depth can be put 3-D space on 2-D surface, in order to create the illusion.

POV- point of view,of an angle to view the object.

Illusion of form- by accurately placing highlighs and shadows to manifested an image with a range of value.

chiaroscuro- come from Italian, that mean an arrangement of light and shadow, also known as shading or modelling.

illusion of depth- can be managed by perspective,overlapping,size, placement, detail, and color.

source: http://thevirtualinstructor.com/texture.html

http://www.oberlin.edu/amam/asia/sculpture/documents/vocabulary.pdf

5. What is Color?

Color is also basic element of art that refers to reflected light. Color can be recognised by “The Color Wheel”. the color wheel is made up by three different types of color,which is Primary,Secondary and Tertiary.

The Primary color is Blue, Red and Yellow. the reason its primary is because no two colors can be mixes to created a this kind of color. Also, only by using this three color can created a mix of other color.

The secondary color is orange,green and purple. this color is a result of mixing primary color. Such green come from blue and yellow, orange mix of red and yellow also purple that mix from color of red and blue.

tertiary color are created by mising parts of secondary and primary color.

Other than that, color can be defined by its values. Color value is determined by its darkness or lightness of color. when dealing when hue, putting white or black can effected the color like adding white to produce tints and black to produce shades color.

Color Theory - Tints

Color Theory - Shades

Next, color can be defined by its “Color Schemes”.  Its a ways on how the color are put together in intelligent way.

Monochromatic-  a color that put from shades to tints.

analogous colors- arrangement of color directly from each other of color wheel.

Complementary colors- a color that put to adjoin that created strong contrast.

color triads- consist of three colors found in color wheel that equally spaced apart from each other.

split complementary- color schemes that made up by its color and its complement.

warm colors-  A color that associated with warm things such as red, yellow, orange.

cool colors- a color that associated with cool things such as blue, green, purple.

source: http://thevirtualinstructor.com/texture.html

http://www.oberlin.edu/amam/asia/sculpture/documents/vocabulary.pdf

6. What is texture?

texture refers to to way of object feels, that may touche or looks that may feel if it were touched. In texture, we can look in many aspect on how its describe the texture. first 3-D texture, that that can be feel directly to our skin. Then, 3-D in 2D art, that it may seems we can feel the object but it is only an illusion that create the texture. Invented texture, a 2-D patterns created by repetition of lines and shapes.

Textures also can be by create a reflection light, such to create a rough textures, artist will try to unevenly reflect the illusion of light, and vice versa for the smooth textures. Also, textures can be create by matte and impasto technique. Matte create an illusions of soft,dull light and opposite to shiny surfaces. Meanwhile, impasto is a paint that build or layer up on the surface to create the texture.

source : http://thevirtualinstructor.com/texture.html

http://www.oberlin.edu/amam/asia/sculpture/documents/vocabulary.pdf